South Africa. 1997 – 1998
The Truth and Reconciliation Commission was a court-like body assembled in South Africa after the abolition of Apartheid. Witnesses who were identified as victims of gross human rights violations were invited to give statements about their experiences, and some were selected for public hearings. Perpetrators of violence could also give testimony and request amnesty from both civil and criminal prosecution.
Presided over by Archbishop Desmond Tutu, it was seen by many as a crucial component of South Africa’s transition to full and free democracy.